Design of Multijunction Solar Cells Based Potable Water Purification System using Cationic Polyacrylamide Alum Lime and Ozone to Remove Covid-19

  • Muhammad Shehram Hamdard University Pakistan
  • Uzma Rani Comsats University Islamabad

Abstract

In a world where potable water is just about to run dry, it is necessary to introduce new technologies and methods of solar-based water purification systems. Developing countries like Pakistan are cladding a shortage of purified water and its storage process. Our proposed design for water gets purified by using multijunction solar cells, cationic polyacrylamide alum, and lime. Multijunction solar cells are utilized to enhance the efficiency of the system. They utilize the complete spectrum of sunlight and absorb the different colors of light by different materials, and each material has its own bandgap energy. The solar cells generate power which is used to boil the contaminated water for 30 minutes up to 120 degrees for the purification purpose and remove bacteria, protozoa, and viruses because all germs become dead when water boils for 30 minutes. Alum is used for the purpose of purification because alum, cationic polyacrylamide, and lime or coagulant are utilized to remove arsenic from water. To remove COVID-19 from water, ozone gas O3 is injected. Charcoal filter paper is utilized to filter the boiling water energy stored in the battery to drive the system for nighttime purposes. The proposed design is economical, environmentally friendly, and works at maximum time. Nowadays, an IOT-based smart water purification system has been installed which works on solar energy.

References

Wang, Yufeng, Baoying Shi, and Huiren Hu. "Application of a Novel Cationic Polyacrylamide as Flocculant in Treatment of Papermaking Wastewater." In 2010 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2010.
[2] Wang, Yufeng, Kefu Chen, and Huiren Hu. "Synthesis and Characterization of Cationic Polyacrylamide Emulsion as Flocculant." In 2011 5th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering.
[3] Ramesh, G., V. Muneeswaran, M. Joshwin Darington, R. Arun Kumar, and B. Rishikar. "Wieldy Water thermos-A health conducive Solar Powered Purification and Monitoring System." In 2021 International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE), pp. 796-798. IEEE, 2021.
[4] Varghese, Antony, Jubin Punnoose James, Melvin Mathew, and Vinu Koshy Abraham. "Prototype Development of a Nano-fiber based Portable Solar Water Purifier System." In 2020 4th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI)(48184), pp. 187-190. IEEE, 2020.
[5] Khan, Ershad Ullah, and Andrew R. Martin. "Hybrid renewable energy with membrane distillation polygeneration for rural households in Bangladesh: Pani Para Village case study." In 2014 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), pp. 365-368. IEEE, 2014.
[6] Wong, Yung, Shavin Pinto, Yan Tang, and Marc Compere. "Community development through a sustainable micro-business selling clean water." In IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC 2014), pp. 133-139. IEEE, 2014.
[7] LaSelle, Darick W., Robert Liechty, Hassan Alzamzam, Robert Foster, Jasmin Dzabic, and Nathan Clark. "Low cost solar thermal energy generation for developing economies." In 2013 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), pp. 5-10. IEEE, 2013.
[8] Varghese, Antony, Jubin Punnoose James, Melvin Mathew, and Vinu Koshy Abraham. "Prototype Development of a Nano-fiber based Portable Solar Water Purifier System." In 2020 4th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI)(48184), pp. 187-190. IEEE, 2020.
[9] Bhaumik, Rahul, Sunny Prakash Prajapati, Tarun Kumar, Vishal Mishra, and Kriti Bhalla. "An Inclusive Community Based Water Purification and Monitoring System for the Base of the Pyramid." In 2019 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), pp. 1-8. IEEE, 2019.
[10] Ramesh, G., V. Muneeswaran, M. Joshwin Darington, R. Arun Kumar, and B. Rishikar. "Wieldy Water thermos-A health conducive Solar Powered Purification and Monitoring System." In 2021 International Conference on Advance Computing and Innovative Technologies in Engineering (ICACITE), pp. 796-798. IEEE, 2021.
[11] Ahsan, Abid, Fasbir Sabran, and Md Atiqur Rahman. "Cost-effective Seawater Purification System Using Solar Photovoltaic." In 2020 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP), pp. 36-39. IEEE, 2020.
[12] Khaoula, Hidouri, Benhmidene Ali, and Chouachi Bechir. "Thermal study in simple solar still hybrid with heat pump." In 2017 International Conference on Green Energy Conversion Systems (GECS), pp. 1-8. IEEE, 2017.
[13] Kala, Namrata, Parthsarathi Mulay, Twinkle Rane, and Archana Thosar. "Mathematical Modelling and Performance Analysis of Solar Still Coupled with Evacuated Tube Collectors." In 2020 IEEE 15th International Conference on Industrial and Information Systems (ICIIS), pp. 22-27. IEEE, 2020.
[14] Sai, Zhang, Caiwu Lu, Song Jiang, Lu Shan, Crabbe James, and Neal Naixue Xiong. "Energy management optimization of open-pit mine solar photothermal-photoelectric membrane distillation using a support vector machine and a non- dominated genetic algorithm." IEEE Access 8 (2020): 155766-155782.
[15] Utsumi, Yuki, Yoshihumi Sanuki, Kenji Teranishi, and Naoyuki Shimomura. "Discussion of Discharge Distribution in Reactor and Design of Reactor for Dense Ozone Production Using Nanosecond Pulsed Power." In 2018 IEEE International Power Modulator and High Voltage Conference (IPMHVC), pp. 438-441. IEEE, 2018.
[16] Mehendale, Ninad D., O. A. Sharma, S. A. Shah, and S. L. Vishwakarma. "Metropolitan water tank pollution monitoring and purification using PID control." In 2016 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), pp. 0212-0214. IEEE, 2016.
[17] Azman, Ahmad Aftas, Mohd Hezri Fazalul Rahiman, Mohd Nasir Taib, Ilyani Akmar Abu Bakar, Norbaya Hj Sidek, and Mohd Fozi Ali. "Characterization of aluminium sulphate for control applications." In 2016 7th IEEE Control and System Graduate Research Colloquium (ICSGRC), pp. 164-169. IEEE, 2016.
[18] García, Iván, Ignacio Rey-Stolle, Manuel Hinojosa, Iván Lombardero, Luis Cifuentes, Carlos Algora, Huy Nguyen, Aled Morgan, and Andrew Johnson. "Space III-V Multijunction Solar Cells on Ge/Si virtual substrates." In 2019 European Space Power Conference (ESPC), pp. 1-6. IEEE.
[19] Chmielewski, Daniel J., Santino Carnevale, Tyler J. Grassman, John A. Carlin, and Steven A. Ringel. "High-performance metamorphic tunnel junctions for III–V/Si multijunction solar cells." In 2015 IEEE 42nd Photovoltaic Specialist Conference (PVSC), pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2015.
[20] Cariou, Romain, Karim Medjoubi, Laura Vauche, Elias Veinberg-Vidal, Seonyong Park, Jérémie Lefèvre, Mathieu Baudrit, Philippe Voarino, Pierre Mur, and Bruno Boizot. "Evaluation of III-V/Si Multi-Junction Solar Cells Potential for Space." In 2018 IEEE 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC)(A Joint Conference of 45th IEEE PVSC, 28th PVSEC & 34th EU PVSEC), pp. 3335-3338. IEEE, 2018.
[21] Soni, Apurva, Kushagra Singh, and Praveen Kumar. "Smart Water Purification Technique." In 2020 2nd International Conference on Advances in Computing, Communication Control and Networking (ICACCCN), pp. 438-444. IEEE, 2020.
[22] Abdykadyrov, A. A., N. V. Korovkin, E. T. Tashtai, I. Syrgabaev, M. M. Mamadiyarov, and Marxuly Sunggat. "Research of the process of disinfection and purification of drinking water using ETRO-02 plant based on high-frequency corona discharge." In 2021 3rd International Youth Conference on Radio Electronics, Electrical and Power Engineering (REEPE), pp. 1-4. IEEE, 2021.
[23] Muhammad Shehram and Uzma Rani “Purification of water by using multijunction photovoltaic solar cell and alum” 18th IBCAST-2021 January 12-16 Islamabad Pakistan held by IEEE
[24] Muhammad Shehram and Uzma Rani “Purification of Water by using Solar Photovoltaic Energy and Anionic Polyacrylamide” Pakistan Engineering Council Journal 2020
[25] Muhammad Shehram, Dr Tariq Javid and Dr Zubair Khalid “Hybrid Multijunction PV and CST based Solar Cooling System using Flat Plate Collector and Graphene based Nanofluid” 2021 6th International Electrical and Electronics Engineering Conference (IEEC 2021) April, 2021 at NEDUET, Karachi, Pakistan
[26] Muhammad Shehram and Uzma Rani “Solar Based Potable Water Purification using Tandem Solar Cells and Anionic Polyacrylamide Alum” 2021 6th International Electrical Engineering Conference (IEEC 2021) April, 2021 at NEDUET, Karachi, Pakistan
[27] Panjwani, Suresh Kumar. "Drinking Water Quality and Environmental Monitoring In Rural Areas of District Malir, Karachi." University of Oulu Faculty of Technology (2018).
[28] Saleem, kiran, Misbah Saleem, Rana Zeeshan, Abdul Rehman Javed, Mamoun Alazab, Thippa Reddy Gadekallu, and Ahmed Suleman “Situation- aware BDI reasoning to detect early symptoms of covid 19 using smartwatch.” IEEE Sensors Journal (2022).
Published
2022-07-28